Infant seizures are every parent’s nightmare. Their beloved baby has finally made an entrance after nine long months of waiting…only to start seizing and convulsing out of the blue.
Seizures affect about one out of every two infants with cerebral palsy. (Cerebral palsy is a condition in which the parts of the brain that control movement and posture are damaged. It is caused by brain injury that occurs before, during, or shortly after birth.)
Newborn seizures can be short and subtle, or long and dramatic. But they’re almost always unexpected.
Sometimes, they’re benign – like inherited clonic seizures that the baby will grow out of. But many times, infant seizures happen because of medical malpractice, and have devastating, long-term effects.
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What Are Newborn Seizures?
Newborn seizures (AKA neonatal seizures) occur when a baby suffers from repetitive involuntary movements or stiffening of certain muscle groups. These events can happen for a few seconds or a few minutes, and several or many times per day.
What causes a seizure? Abnormal electrical transmissions in a baby’s brain. These prevent the brain from functioning in a normal way. Seizures in infants can be caused by birth-related brain damage for example, which deprives the brain of oxygen. Because brain injury or scarring can induce aberrant electrical activity, infants with cerebral palsy are at a higher risk for seizures.
Of course, seizures can happen to patients of any age. But newborn seizures can be especially devastating. They often cause life-long complications and even death in otherwise healthy infants.
Types Of Newborn Seizures
These are some of the most common types of newborn seizures:
- Myoclonic seizures. In this type of seizure, muscle groups contract. The contractions can happen just once, or many times, repeatedly. They can be fast or slow, depending on the muscles involved.
- Focal clonic seizures. This is when the baby’s arms, legs, trunk, or facial muscles move in a rhythmic, repetitive way. The movements are almost always slow.
- Focal tonic seizures. The baby’s eyes move in an abnormal way, or his body takes on an abnormal posture. His arms or legs may become stiff. This type of seizure usually lasts less than 20 seconds.
- Febrile seizures. These occur when an infant has a high fever, which may be the result of an infection. The baby may twitch or jerk her legs, roll her eyes, and lose consciousness.
- Atonic seizures. In this type of seizure, the baby goes limp because of a sudden loss of muscle control.
- Epileptic spasms. These are rare, but they can have serious long-term consequences. They involve muscle spasms in the limbs, neck, or torso.
Causes Of Newborn Seizures
Sometimes, newborn seizures are hereditary. Other times, they’re the result of trauma during birth. When birth trauma is preventable, a medical mistake or medical malpractice is often to blame.
Many infant seizures are caused by medical errors. If a doctor or other health care practitioner fails to monitor or respond appropriately to specific scenarios that happen during delivery, they may be considered negligent.
During pregnancy, labor, and delivery, a delivery medical team should keep an eye on the mother and baby to spot any potential issues. Doctors, nurses, and other medical staff may be negligent, resulting in circumstances that may end in infant seizures.
Here are some examples of negligence that can lead to infant seizures:
- Failure to offer adequate prenatal care and proper labor and delivery treatments.
- A mother’s condition is not diagnosed and treated.
- Failure to diagnose and treat preterm labor in a timely manner.
- Failure to recognize a newborn who is macrosomic.
- Inability to adequately manage a pre-term or late-term pregnancy.
- Failure to respond to bleeding in a timely manner.
- Failure to treat a mother’s high blood pressure (preeclampsia).
- Negligent labor and delivery management.
- Failure to respond and intervene appropriately in the face of unsettling fetal heart monitor fluctuations and indicators of fetal distress.
- Using a vacuum extractor or forceps during delivery (this can be dangerous).
- Failure to execute a timely vaginal delivery or a cesarean surgery (c-section) to deliver a baby in distress.
- Failure to resuscitate a newborn correctly.
Other concerns in newborns with seizures linked to brain damage include cerebral palsy, mental retardation, and other neurological issues. Only a thorough examination of your child’s medical records can reveal the likely source of damage and whether the delivery team’s activities contributed to his seizures.
Our birth injury lawyers and medical consultants have investigated medical errors and birth injury malpractice before, and they have access to the type of skilled medical professionals needed to analyze intricate birth injury cases.
For a free consultation with an expert lawyer, contact Hampton & King immediately. We’ll utilize our expertise to help you hold doctors accountable for carelessness, to get the compensation you need to care for your newborn.
The following are the most common causes of newborn seizures:
- Cerebral Palsy. When a baby’s brain becomes damaged during pregnancy or birth, she can develop a movement disorder called cerebral palsy. The usual cause of this damage is oxygen deprivation. One of the main symptoms of cerebral palsy is seizures.
- Head and Brain Injuries During Birth. During a difficult birth, a baby’s brain may be deprived of oxygen. This can lead to brain damage, which causes seizures. Also, doctors might injure the baby’s head with vacuum extractors or obstetrical forceps as they attempt to deliver him. Serious injuries like skull fractures, brain bleeds, and hydrocephalus (a cerebrospinal fluid leak) can all cause newborn seizures.
- Infections. Many different types of infections can cause seizures in newborns. Most are passed from the mother to the baby during pregnancy. Certain infections, such as Group B strep, are notorious for causing newborn seizures. Mothers should be screened in late pregnancy to prevent the passing on of infections.
Infant Seizures As The Result Of Medical Malpractice
Births are unpredictable. Some are complication-free. Others involve medical emergencies like cord compression, fetal distress, and prolonged labor. No one can see an emergency coming, but doctors must be prepared to deal with it when one occurs.
When medical staff fail to act according to the “standard of care” (what a well-trained professional should do in a certain situation), newborn seizures can be the direct result of medical malpractice.
For example, a doctor might fail to screen or treat a mother for infection. The infection is then passed on to the baby, causing intense fever and febrile seizures. Or, staff may use forceps incorrectly. Sometimes, this causes permanent brain damage, which leads to severe seizures. (Learn more about when to contact a birth injury attorney.)
When To Contact A Birth Injury Lawyer
Newborn seizures are one of the first signs of birth injury. If your baby suffers from seizures that started shortly after birth, you may have a medical malpractice case on your hands. Don’t wait to take action!
Contact Hampton & King today for a free consultation with an experienced lawyer. We’ll use our expertise to hold doctors accountable for negligence, and ensure you get the compensation you need to care for your infant.