Complications of Hyponatremia


Gavel resting on courtroom desk in judge's hand, with stethoscope next to it.Hyponatremia is the name for abnormally low sodium levels in the blood. A number of underlying conditions in the human body can result in the sodium becoming diluted, increasing the water in the body and thereby causing cells to begin to swell. Problems with varying severity can result because of hyponatremia. It’s important to recognize the signs and symptoms of hyponatremia, the potential complications, and the treatment options available.
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Mistakes in Newborn Intubation


The moments immediately following the birth of a baby are supposed to be the best time for a mother. They get to hold their baby for the first time and begin bonding. Unfortunately, if something goes wrong and the baby needs resuscitation, it can cause more fear and concern than it does joy and happiness. A medical complication may require the doctor to intubate the baby. Intubation is when a flexible plastic tube is placed into the baby’s trachea in order to help open the airway and allow the baby to be hooked up to ventilator or oxygen machine.
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What Is Cephalopelvic Disproportion?


Cephalopelvic disproportion (CPD) is a complication of pregnancy in which
the size of the baby’s head is disproportionate to the size of the
mother’s pelvis – a condition that can result in difficulty
during labor. It is important that CPD be recognized and that health care
professionals understand how to remedy the situation before complications
arise that could injure the baby or mother.
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Risks of Fetal Macrosomia


During a woman’s pregnancy, there is potential for the baby to grow
beyond the average size of seven pounds, eight ounces. When the baby weighs
more than eight pounds, thirteen ounces, the World Health Organization
and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists considers
them to be macrosomic.
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Types of Encephalopathy


Baby's hand closed with stethoscope next to her.Commonly used as a general term for a brain disorder or disease, encephalopathy is a serious condition that impacts the function of the brain. The severity of the abnormality varies, and can be classified as either transient, recurrent, or permanent, possibly being reversible over time. There are various types of encephalopathy that each cause serious symptoms, with potential causes varying from trauma to the brain to genetic conditions. It is important to understand what types of encephalopathy exist and what treatment options you may have.
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