Risks of Fetal Macrosomia

baby's armDuring a woman’s pregnancy, there is potential for the baby to grow beyond the average size of seven pounds, eight ounces. When the baby weighs more than eight pounds, thirteen ounces, the World Health Organization and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists considers them to be macrosomic.

There are numerous potential causes of macrosomia, including the following:

  • Gestational diabetes
  • Obesity
  • Extra weight gain in pregnancy
  • Post-term pregnancy
  • History of macrosomia

During pregnancy, doctors must monitor potential risk factors to help determine if macrosomia is a possibility. If they determine that a baby is above average size, they must also make a determination regarding the possibility of cephalopelvic disproportion, which is when the size of the baby is disproportionate to the size of the mother’s birth canal. Failure to do so can result in serious complications during a natural birth.

If the obstetrician suspects that the baby will weigh more than the average baby and there is a potential for cephalopelvic disproportion, they may opt to deliver the baby via cesarean section to help prevent injury to either the mother or the baby. Attempting a natural birth when the baby is over the normal size can result in a broken collarbone on the baby, tearing of the perineum, traumatic brain injuries, Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy, and more.

These types of situations can lead to the baby having long-term damage such as cerebral palsy. It is critical that the obstetrician pay close attention when monitoring the mother and baby to determine if a cesarean section delivery is necessary. Failure to do so may be considered negligence on the part of the obstetrician and lead to lifelong injuries and conditions.

At Hampton & King, our Houston birth injury attorneys understand the potential risks associated with macrosomia and how it can impact both the baby and mother during labor. In many cases, women who have a baby suspected to be macrosomic will give birth with very little to no problems at all. Other times, it can have severe side effects that could have been prevented.

We stand with our clients after a medical professional’s wrongdoings have caused them or their babies harm. We take action on their behalf because we understand the hardships that they are facing. It is our goal to help victims of negligence pursue the compensation they need and deserve after negligence has caused them severe harm.

Call us today if you or your baby were harmed due to failure to monitor for macrosomia. We’re here to help you every step of the way.

Categories: Birth Injuries